By Lorenz Adrian, Frank E. Löffler
This publication summarizes the present kingdom of information touching on micro organism that use halogenated natural compounds as breathing electron acceptors. the invention of organohalide-respiring micro organism has elevated the variety of electron acceptors used for power conservation, and serves as a primary instance of the way medical discoveries are permitting leading edge engineering options that experience remodeled remediation perform. person chapters offer in-depth history info at the discovery, isolation, phylogeny, biochemistry, genomic gains, and ecology of person organohalide-respiring genera, together with Dehalococcoides, Dehalogenimonas, Dehalobacter, Desulfitobacterium and Sulfurospirillum, in addition to organohalide-respiring contributors of the Deltaproteobacteria. The publication introduces readers to the attention-grabbing biology of organohalide-respiring micro organism, providing a precious source for college students, engineers and practitioners alike.
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Extra resources for Organohalide-Respiring Bacteria
Appl Environ Microbiol 63(5):1987–1994 Milliken CE, Meier GP, Sowers KR, May HD (2004a) Chlorophenol production by anaerobic microorganisms: transformation of a biogenic chlorinated hydroquinone metabolite. Appl Environ Microbiol 70(4):2494–2496. 2004 2 Natural Production of Organohalide Compounds in the Environment 27 Milliken CE, Meier GP, Watts JEM, Sowers KR, May HD (2004b) Microbial anaerobic demethylation and dechlorination of chlorinated hydroquinone metabolites synthesized by basidiomycete fungi.
Chemosphere 32(9):1719–1728. 1016/0045-6535(96)00089-6 Hjelm O, Johansson E, Oberg G (1999) Production of organically bound halogens by the litter-degrading fungus Lepista nuda. Soil Biol Biochem 31(11):1509–1515. 1016/ s0038-0717(99)00069-3 Hoekstra EJ, De Leer EWB, Brinkman UAT (1998a) Natural formation of chloroform and brominated trihalomethanes in soil. Environ Sci Technol 32(23):3724–3729. 1021/es980127c Hoekstra EJ, Verhagen FJM, Field JA, De Leer EWB, Brinkman UAT (1998b) Natural production of chloroform by fungi.
1) Gf describe the Gibbs free energy of formation under standard conditions. 1). 2. 1. Actual concentrations are normally not 1 M or 1 atm (100 kPa). 314 J mol−1 K−1 and T is the temperature in Kelvin. The conversion between change in Gibbs free energy values (ΔG) and redox potential (ΔE) is calculated via the relationship 10−pH /(10−pH + 10−pKa ). 48 kJ/V). Note that ΔG should be for the redox couple of interest, id est Org-X + H+ + e− → Org-H + X−, where Org-X is the organohalogen and X− is the halide.