By S Rothmann; Cary L Cooper
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Additional info for Organizational and work psychology : topics in applied psychology
Diversity management is important because it enables organizations to grow and to be sustainable in an increasingly competitive marketplace. The most common intervention used to help organizations manage diversity is diversity training. 40 | Individual differences and diversity management Key concepts and terms Ability Agreeableness Attitude Attitude change Attitude survey Behavioural intention Beliefs ‘Big Five’ personality model Conscientiousness Contextual performance Emic approach Emotional stability Etic approach Extraversion Hardiness Intelligence Locus of control Meta-analysis Openness to experience Organizational citizenship behaviour Personality Salutogenesis Self-efficacy Sense of coherence Task performance Value Sample essay titles ■ ■ Is personality a predictor of work-related outcomes?
They are the basis upon which attitudes and personal preferences are formed. An organization, too, has a value system, usually called its organizational culture. Values are types of beliefs, centrally located within one’s total belief system, about how one ought or ought not to behave, or about some end state of existence worth attaining (Rokeach, 1973). Values are general beliefs about desirable or undesirable ways of behaving and about desirable or undesirable goals or end states (Lonner and Malpass, 1994).
Present your ﬁndings to the class Summary | 39 Summary ■ Personality has been defined as the enduring, inner characteristics of individuals that organize their behaviour. An etic or emic approach to the conceptualization of personality may be employed. The five-factor model of personality represents a structure of traits, including extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness to experience. Personality predicts aspects of job performance that may not be strongly related to knowledge, skills or abilities.