Download On the Origin of Species: The Illustrated Edition by Charles Darwin, David Quammen PDF

April 5, 2017 | Evolution | By admin | 0 Comments

By Charles Darwin, David Quammen

This yr marks the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the e-book of Charles Darwin’s On the starting place of Species through typical Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races within the fight for Life. In his landmark learn, Darwin theorized that populations evolve over the process generations via a technique of traditional choice. those principles flew within the face of long-held ideals, and the e-book instantly grew to become some of the most arguable clinical works in history—and it nonetheless continues to be so at the present time. Now, for the 1st time, Darwin’s vintage is totally and handsomely illustrated with greater than 350 illustrations and pictures, a lot of them in fabulous colour. Reproductions from Darwin’s The Voyage of the Beagle, his magazine of the travels that resulted in his amazing step forward, look all through, inviting readers to adventure Darwin’s trip and to understand how he constructed his concept of evolution. moreover, short excerpts from his letters, diaries, and correspondence deliver either Darwin the fellow and his progressive discovery to existence.
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Extra info for On the Origin of Species: The Illustrated Edition

Sample text

Yet it must be confessed, that it is in the best-known countries that we find the greatest number of forms of doubtful value. I have been struck with the fact, that if any animal or plant in a state of nature be highly useful to man, or from any cause closely attract his attention, varieties of it will almost universally be found recorded. These varieties, moreover, will be often ranked by some authors as species. Look at the common oak, how closely it has been studied; yet a German author makes more than a dozen species out of forms, which are very generally considered as varieties; and in this country the highest botanical authorities and practical men can be quoted to show that the sessile and pedunculated oaks are either good and distinct species or mere varieties.

In some cases, I do not doubt that the intercrossing of species, aboriginally distinct, has played an important part in the origin of our domestic productions. When in any country several domestic breeds have once been established, their occasional intercrossing, with the aid of selection, has, no doubt, largely aided in the formation of new subbreeds; but the importance of the crossing of varieties has, I believe, been greatly exaggerated, both in regard to animals and to those plants which are propagated by seed.

The pear, though cultivated in classical times, appears, from Pliny’s description, to have been a fruit of very inferior quality. I have seen great surprise expressed in horticultural works at the wonderful skill of gardeners, in having produced such splendid results from such poor materials; but the art, I cannot doubt, has been simple, and, as far as the final result is concerned, has been followed almost unconsciously. It has consisted in always cultivating the best known variety, sowing its seeds, and, when a slightly better variety has chanced to appear, selecting it, and so onwards.

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