The OECD Environmental functionality evaluate Programme offers self sufficient checks of nations' development in attaining their household and overseas environmental coverage commitments, including coverage suitable options. they're performed to advertise peer studying, to reinforce international locations' responsibility to one another and to the general public, and to enhance governments' environmental functionality, individually and jointly. The reports are supported via a wide diversity of financial and environmental information. each one cycle of the Environmental functionality stories covers all OECD member international locations and chosen accomplice international locations. the newest reports comprise: Mexico (2013), Germany (2012) and Slovenia (2012). This record is the 3rd OECD evaluate of Italy's environmental functionality. It evaluates growth in the direction of sustainable improvement and eco-friendly development, with a spotlight on rules that advertise better and effective water administration and supply greater incentives to take on weather change. Read more...
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Extra resources for OECD environmental performance reviews. Italy 2013.
Originally these charges were to be imposed in the 60 km2 area where 60% of the city’s residences were located. This was expected to reduce both traffic congestion and air pollution and provide funds for the implementation of environmental policy, including enhancement of public transportation. The pollution charge system, called “Ecopass”, was launched in January 2008. The actual charging zone, covering 8 km2 of Milan’s historical area, was surrounded by 43 entry points. Each vehicle entering the area between 7h30 and 19h30 was required to pay a daily charge.
7). OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEWS: ITALY 2013 © OECD 2013 1. 5) decreased by 3% in the period 2000-10. g. 7). ● Emission intensities have also declined, showing absolute decoupling of all air pollutant emissions from GDP growth during most of the review period. C). ● Despite emission reductions, more than half the 30 most polluted cities in Europe are in Italy, with Turin, Brescia and Milan among the most polluted. 8 In 2008, population exposure to urban air pollution (ozone and particulates) was the second highest in the EU27.
Several initiatives were launched by municipalities with responsibilities for the local environment, including air pollution, water and waste services, and green space management. 2). Over 900 authorities have joined the European Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign and have promoted Local Agenda 21. The National Co-ordination Office for Local Agenda 21 in Ferrara has been transformed into an association which helps local authorities use Local Agenda 21 experience (MATTM, 2009). Some environmental responsibilities were regrouped in ways that cut across administrative boundaries.