By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Extra info for Oecd Environmental Performance Reviews: Austria 2003 (Oecd Environmental Performance Reviews)
Enterprises with an EMAS certificate not older than three years can be exempted. The Clean Air Act requests large combustion plants to carry out additional annual checks. g. to fulfil EU reporting obligations). Provincial and district authorities can also conduct on-site checks as secondary enforcement; this is mostly done after complaints by neighbours or in case of an obvious risk of non-compliance. 2 Perspectives: further results and improved efficiency? Austrian legislation does not yet fully comply with EU requirements concerning IPPC and large combustion plants.
1). Innovative initiatives have been taken at municipal level. For institutional reasons, however, actions concerning traffic management are not systematically © OECD 2003 48 OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Austria integrated with actions to tackle air pollution and with measures concerning spatial planning. The climate protection plan of the city of Vienna could usefully be adopted by other cities. The plan, in effect since 1999, involves all municipal departments. It includes time-bound quantitative targets for the reduction of GHG emissions by 2010, supported by a set of 36 measures in the transport, energy, housing, public procurement and waste management sectors.
These laws provide for emission limits and reduction measures according to best available technology (BAT) during the licensing procedure. They also transpose into national law major elements of the 1996 EU directive on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC), a provision of the 1999 VOC directive on emission reduction plans and elements of the Seveso II directive. Older facilities generally benefit from a certain margin of tolerance and from transition periods to adapt to new standards.