By Max Koch, Martin Fritz
Postwar employment criteria are being undermined and 'non-standard' employment is changing into extra universal. whereas students have pointed to detrimental effects of this improvement, this quantity additionally discusses the facts for a brand new and socially inclusive eu employment normal.
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Additional info for Non-Standard Employment in Europe: Paradigms, Prevalence and Policy Responses
Employment Regimes and the Quality of Work, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Gallie, D. and Paugam, S. (2000) (eds) Welfare Regimes and the Experience of Unemployment in Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Goldthorpe, J. H. ) Order and Conflict in Contemporary Capitalism, Studies in the Political Economy of Western European Nations, Oxford: Clarendon Press. Kalleberg, A. L. (2000) ‘Non-Standard Employment Relations: Part Time, Temporary or Contract Work’, Annual Review of Sociology 26 (1): 341–65.
This has consequences in terms of the very tricky use of labour market statistics. In the second section, we will situate the issue of ‘standardization’ and ‘destandardization’ within their semantic relationships to other concepts used in many languages to describe what is normal in the field of employment. In the third section, we will show how the analysis of standardization and destandardization needs to be embedded into the wider perspective of social protection systems, institutions and political cultures; except at a very high level of abstraction, there is no such thing as ‘standard’ per se.
One must acknowledge a specific UK angle, since the framing in terms of ‘vulnerability’ bears different connotations from those alluded to by Paugam and his colleagues when they documented French ‘fragilité’ or ‘vulnérabilité’. Hence, unlike earlier notions of precarity, the contemporary UK use of ‘vulnerability’11 is also different from the earlier French concept of vulnérabilité. In the late 1990s, Prekariat was only very rarely used in Germany12 and only in social science research (usually: Prekarität).