By Martin L. Maehr, Stuart A. Karabenick
Massive proof exhibits that faith is a motivational strength within the lives of lots of the world's inhabitants, and up to date social and political occasions have put faith middle level. Motivation is taken into account a vital part of any enough solution to the query, 'Why religion?'. that query involved early psychologists, resembling Freud and James, yet used to be particularly ignored with the ascendancy of behaviorism. It has due to the fact that regained momentum as a tremendous zone of analysis and scholarship. notwithstanding motivational rules are implicit in lots of analytical remedies of faith, and that a few articles and publication chapters speak about motivation and faith, this literature is broadly dispersed and limited essentially to Judeo-Christian international perspectives. This quantity of the "Advances" sequence provides a scientific method of the subject, as seen in the course of the lens of such modern theories of motivation as expectancy-value, self-determination, and success target thought. a world crew of students deals a accomplished view of ways such theories aid to appreciate religiosity and its influence on human reports and behaviour. moreover, authors contemplate the consequences of non secular stories and behaviour for motivation thought. individually, those contributions supply exact views. jointly, they signify the trendy theoretical ways to motivation, contain the world's dominant religions, and handle a large choice of important concerns on the topic of this very major topic.
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Additional info for Motivation and Religion, Volume 14 (Advances in Motivation and Achievement)
In Hinduism, Karma assures that only those who do good will be released from the cycle of reincarnation (samsara). In Buddhism, Enlightenment can only be achieved through great spiritual effort (known in Zen Buddhism as Kensho or Satori). In Islam, Allah’s supreme justice and omnipotence ensures that only ‘true’ believers will enter Paradise. Similarly, in Judaism the standards of the Law and Yahweh’s enforcement of them are immutable. In Christianity, no-one comes to the Father except by Christ, and by implication, through the Christian ‘Way’.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION This chapter has sought to explain, from an expectancy-value-efficacy perspective, why religious beliefs are motivational. This explanation suggests 32 MARTIN DOWSON that religious beliefs are motivational because they are comprised of, and emphasise, highly valued outcomes, assured expectancies, and positive religious efficacy. Religious beliefs also define small or zero probabilities for no action, low relative costs for religious belief and behaviour, and incalculably high costs for not achieving valued-outcomes.
Raynor, J. , & Rubin, I. S. (1971). Effects of achievement motivation and future orientation on level of performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17(1), 36–41. Ryan, R. , & King, K. (1993). Two types of religious internalization and their relations to religious orientations and mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 586–596. , & Colvin, C. (1995). Self -efficacy, attribution, and outcome expectancy mechanisms in reading and writing achievement: Grade-level and achievement level.