By Neville A. Stanton, Chris Baber
Considering that its inception, simply after the second one international conflict, Human elements learn has paid distinctive cognizance to the problems surrounding human regulate of structures. Command and keep an eye on environments proceed to symbolize a not easy area for human components learn. Modelling Command and keep an eye on takes a extensive view of command and keep watch over learn, to incorporate C2 (command and control), C3 (command, keep watch over and communication), and C4 (command, keep watch over, communique and desktops) in addition to human supervisory regulate paradigms. The booklet provides case reports in diversified army purposes (for instance, land, sea and air) of command and keep watch over. The ebook explores the variations and similarities within the land, sea and air domain names; the theoretical and methodological advancements, techniques to process and interface layout, and the workload and state of affairs wisdom concerns concerned. It locations the function of people as primary and precise from different facets of the approach. utilizing huge case examine fabric, Modelling Command and keep an eye on demonstrates how the social and technical domain names have interaction, and why every one require equivalent remedy and significance sooner or later.
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Additional info for Modelling Command and Control (Human Factors in Defence)
This would appear to offer some support for what might be considered the more extreme views of NEC, for example, ‘power to the edge’ (which is possibly ‘8. Neg, share network’). For Coordination, optimal performance is more likely to arise when networks are distributed, negotiated or split. For Information-flow, optimal performance is likely to involve a Split of the command structure (2. Split and 6 Split, share). According to the SAS-050 definition, both structures are ‘Hierarchical’ networks with ‘peer-to-peer’ allocation of decision rights (they differ on the distribution of information variable).
5 shows a schematic of the NCO CF process model. Notice how the intention is to contrast the activity relating to Individuals (on the left-hand side) with that of Groups (on the right-hand side), with a central role for ‘Quality of Interactions’. This figure can be read as an elaboration of the previous structural models, in that its focus is on higherlevel ‘quality’ issues and their interactions. Issues in structural modelling The models that arise from this dominant perspective all tend to approximate in varying degrees towards control theory models and as Builder et al.
Emergent properties exist Modelling Command and Control 9 where the ‘characteristics of the whole are developed (emerge) from the interactions of their components in a non-apparent way’ (Bar Yam, 1997). Previous analyses of live C4i scenarios using the EAST methodology have detected the presence of emergent properties related to task, social and knowledge networks and in so doing demonstrate that information contained within these scenarios may indeed be complex, but is far from random. The optimal model of command and control can be defined as one that is sensitive enough to detect cogent emergent properties, whilst containing merely ‘sufficient’ complexity to explain (and predict) these ‘widely observed properties and behaviours in terms of more fundamental, or deeper, concepts’ (Wainwright and Mulligan, 2004; Builder, Bankes and Nordin, 1999).