By Roger Frantz, Leslie Marsh
This publication is a set of in particular commissioned chapters from philosophers, economists, political and behavioral economists, cognitive and organizational psychologists, computing device scientists, sociologists and diversifications thereof as befits the polymathic topic of this publication – Herbert Simon.
Read Online or Download Minds, Models and Milieux: Commemorating the Centennial of the Birth of Herbert Simon PDF
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Extra resources for Minds, Models and Milieux: Commemorating the Centennial of the Birth of Herbert Simon
Newell, Shaw, and Simon express the view in this way: We do not believe that this functional equivalence between brains and computers implies any structural equivalence at a more minute anatomic level (for example, equivalence of neurons with circuits). Discovering what neural mechanisms realize these information processing functions in the human brain is a task for another level of theory construction. Our theory is a theory of the information processes involved in problem-solving and not a theory of neuronal or electronic mechanisms for information processing.
The Tension Stage-setting and the Dialectic Simon’s views about the human mind fall somewhat neatly, though not perfectly, into what might appear to be two mutually antagonistic clusters. In the ﬁrst cluster, one ﬁnds views associated with what is sometimes thought of as orthodox computationalism, according to which (a) the human mind operates in essentially the same way as does a human-engineered all-purpose digital computer, and (b) we best understand the functioning of the human mind by focusing on computational properties and processes deﬁned at a level of generality that subsumes both the human mind and the full variety of humanengineered all-purpose digital computers.
A constant stream of external stimuli, together with the ongoing ﬂuctuations in internal context (neuromodulators, hormone levels, neural correlates of emotional states and moods), create a shifting cognitive context, a series of ‘perturbing inﬂuences’ on cognitive processing; and under these conditions, the ﬁne-grained physical properties of our brains – and bodies and external environments, perhaps – reveal themselves in all sorts of ways as relevant to our understanding of human performance and intelligent behavior.