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By Thomas L. Cooksey III

Some works of philosophy additionally stand as major contributions to literature, and a few works of literature have profoundly prompted philosophy. Written expressly for prime college and school scholars, this reference insightfully introduces ten greatly studied works of philosophical literature. person chapters talk about Plato's Republic, Augustine's Confessions, Dante's Divine Comedy, More's Utopia, Voltaire's Candide, Goethe's Faust, Kierkegaard's Either/Or, Nietzsche's Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Huxley's Brave New World, and Borges' Labyrinths. An introductory bankruptcy considers such concerns because the nature of philosophical literature, and the quantity closes with a specific, normal bibliography.

Despite Plato's banning of poets from the best neighborhood, a few works of philosophy additionally stand as major contributions to literature, and a few works of literature have profoundly inspired philosophy. Such works have the ability to problem, impress, and movement the reader, they usually disillusioned complacent assumptions and insist new pondering. additionally they draw at the assets of language and literature to discover enduring concerns. Written expressly for prime tuition and faculty scholars, this reference comfortably introduces ten extensively studied works of philosophical literature.

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Extra resources for Masterpieces of Philosophical Literature (Greenwood Introduces Literary Masterpieces)

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43). Memory (anamnesis) is central to the Platonic doctrine of forms. For Plato, understanding or illumination is a recollection of knowledge from an earlier existence, a doctrine that posits the independent existence of the soul, and by implication the doctrine of the transmigration of the soul. indd 42 2/13/2006 1:11:08 PM St. Augustine, The Confessions 43 affirms the difference between body and soul, but rejects both the idea and the implication that the soul has an independent existence. Nevertheless memory plays the crucial role in his theory of mind and knowledge, which he examines in an extended treatise in Book 10 of the Confessions.

Marriage, he asserted, was not about sexual gratification, but procreation, mutual fidelity, and sacrament, a doctrine that influenced the subsequent conception of marriage. This doctrine also contributed to the medieval understanding of the Virgin birth. The struggles with Julian and the Pelagians also led Augustine to advocate an extreme view on the doctrine of predestination. While the Catholic church did not follow these doctrines, they later influenced the Calvinists and Jansenists during the Reformation.

Early in Book 1, he describes what is sometimes termed an “ostentation model” of language acquisition, a process of pointing and naming. 13). In the opening of his Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein cites this passage as an example of a problematic model of languages, describing how the association of sounds and concepts is often ambiguous. Indeed, Augustine himself is not unaware of the problem. In De magistro he takes up the issue that language is not just about communication of information, as in the case of singing.

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