Download Markandeya Purana Sanskrit Text with English Translation PDF

April 6, 2017 | Asia | By admin | 0 Comments

МАРКАНДЕЯ-ПУРАНА (санскр. – «Пурана [риши] Маркандеи»), одно из древнейших произведений жанра Пуран, датируемое в целом не позднее 3–4 вв., но включающее множество поздних вставок. Пурана, содержащая 134 глав, названа по имени мудреца-риши Маркандеи, который был наделен даром вечной молодости и которому приписывается повествование из большого раздела в третьей книге Махабхараты. Некоторые исследователи склонны видеть начальное ядро памятника именно в тех главах, в которых повествование ведется от лица Маркандеи и где он просвещает своего собеседника и ученика Крауштуки относительно создания мира, мировых эпох (кальпы), генеалогий царей и других классических тематических единиц Пуран. В пользу такого предположения свидетельствует и тот факт, что в этих главах центральным божеством выступают не Шива и Вишну, как в прочих Пуранах, но Индра и Брахма и прославляются древние ведийские божества Агни и Сурья, персонифицирующие, соответственно, огонь и солнце. Специальный блок этих глав составляют те, в которых представлена серия солярных, а не вишнуитских или шиваитских мифов. Важнейшими составляющими этого начального ядра памятника являются дидактические повествования и афоризмы. Наконец, особенностью данных глав, также свидетельствующих в пользу их древности, следует считать и значительные параллели, которые они обнаруживают в двенадцатой книге Махабхараты, известной под названием Мокшадхарма.
В данном издании представлен полный текст пураны на санскрите (деванагари) с английским переводом каждого
стиха.

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Example text

When the son of Tvasta was slain, Indra's splendour, oppressed by the brahmanicide, suffered a grievous decline. T5Bt He, the enemy of Indra, of immeasurable soul surpassing the might of Tvasta, mighty in valour, increased daily a bow-shot in stature. And Indra, having seen the mighty Asura Vrtra eager for his slaughter, unnerved by fear, sent seven Rsis, desiring peace. Then the affectionate-minded Rsis, who delighted in benevolence towards all creatures, brought about friendship and treaties between him and Vrtra.

Then uprose Vrtra, the mighty Asura, encircled with When Indra violating the rules of the treaty slew Vrtra, then his might overwhelmed by the sin of the slaughter waned; and that might which quitted Indra's body entered the wind, which pervades everything, is imperceptible, and is the supreme deity of power. 444141*1 ^ ; 5 ^ And when Indra, assuming the form of Gautama, violated Ahalya, then the lord of the gods lost his form. Thereupon his beauty of limb and feature, which was exceedingly captivating, forsook the wicked lord of the gods and went to the Asvins.

And said, ' not this deed! «JST: I |с Having thus spoken to him, the Brahmarsi lesolved that it should be so. Calling us quickly and commending us according to our good qualities, the Muni, agitated at heart, addressed a most severe speech to us all, who were respectfully bowing, full of faith, with hands reverently joined. You noble dvijas, whose minds arc improved, are bound by obligations equally with me. ^ч и A glorious progeny has sprung from you, just as you, О twice-born, have sprung from me.

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