By Harry W. Gardiner
Interdisciplinary exploration of cross-cultural human improvement in the course of the lifespan.
Presented in a chronological-within-topics procedure, masking the complete lifespan, this article specializes in cultural similarities and changes in human improvement in the course of the international whereas emphasizing hyperlinks between concept, examine and functional applications. Combining the newest learn with vignettes, tales, and private stories of their highly-praised, scholarly, but attractive conversational – and often funny – writing type, the authors make the examine of similarities and variations an exhilarating adventure.
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Extra info for Lives across Cultures: Cross-Cultural Human Development
When discussing cross-cultural psychology and its subdiscipline of cross cultural human development, it is obvious they share a long historical connection with general psychology. Although, as the well- known psychologist anthropologist Otto Klineberg has pointed out, "There is no specific date that can be identified with the onset of interest in cross- cultural comparisons" ( 1 980, p. 34) . Jahoda and Krewer have suggested that it might be as early as the seventeenth century since the "dominant perspective of enlightenment philosophy was highly compatible with cross- cultural psychology's model of man" ( 1 997, p.
Would you allow genetic engi neering to increase the number of neurons in the brain during fetal develop ment in order to have a potentially "smarter" baby? C arey ( 2 00 3 ) points out that in the past, the greatest effect of culture on humans has been to alter the frequency of alleles (paired genes, alike or dif ferent, that affect a trait) and/or genotypes (the genetic makeup of an indi vidual, containing both expressed and unexpressed characteristics ) . Further advances in genetic engineering could allow scientists to create new alleles " .
He defined culture as "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society " (p. 1 ) . More than fifty years ago, two other anthropologists, Kroeber and Kluckhohn ( 1 9 5 2 ) compiled a list of 1 64 definitions of the term. In 2002, UNESCO, an agency of the United Nations, stated that culture is the "set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group, and that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways ofliving together, value systems, traditions and beliefs " (UNE S CO, 2002, p.