By Paul B. Baltes, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz, Frank Rösler
This ebook makes a speciality of the developmental research of brain-culture-environment dynamics and argues that this dynamic is interactive and reciprocal; mind and tradition co-determine one another. As an entire, this publication refutes any unidirectional belief of the brain-culture dynamic, as every one is motivated through and modifies the opposite. To catch the ever-present succeed in and value of the collectively established and co-productive brain-culture procedure, the metaphor of biocultural co-constructivism is invoked. extraordinary researchers from cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and developmental psychology assessment the proof of their respective fields. a unique concentration of the publication is its assurance of the whole human lifespan.
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Extra info for Lifespan Development and the Brain: The Perspective of Biocultural Co-Constructivism
Thus, the individual “acquires” a brain that makes him or her able to participate in, interact with, and actively contribute to the process of cultural construction and transmission in new and lasting ways. In this vein, it is easy to view such work as fundamental to the argument that in human evolution the power of new forms of inheritance and transmission (epigenetic, behavioral, symbolic) take center stage (Durham, 1991; Jablonka & Lamb, 2005). In Chapter 14, “The Influence of Work and Occupation on Brain Development,” Neil Charness takes a similarly broad perspective on another major context of life.
In the history of research on human development, aging was seen as the state of life that is most defined by biologically based conceptions of decline. , B¨ackman & Dixon, 1992; Baltes & Labouvie, 1973; Baltes & Lindenberger, 1988; Willis, 1987), the more recent advent of methods of neuroimaging provided a new impetus. Both chapters wrestle with the new debates that are emerging in the face of evidence for later life compensatory reorganization on the neuronal level, while offering new insights into the levels and range of functioning, where co-constructive processes may be relevant and how they may be relevant.
Reuter-Lorenz be evaluated: marginal gain for the individual, person specificity and adaptability, and conjoint consideration of distal and proximal frames of evaluation. As empirical demonstrations, studies are reported that illustrate the resulting new levels and forms of plasticity through human engineering-based interventions in such areas as spatial navigation, sensory/sensorimotor functioning, or the aging of memory functioning. In each case, research demonstrates that it is possible to improve functioning with ensuing consequences on the functional architecture of the brain, as measured by neural indicators, and on the mind, as measured by behavioral performance indicators.