By R. G. Frey, Christopher W. Morris
This choice of modern essays via a gaggle of famous philosophers and felony theorists covers quite a few subject matters within the philosophy of legislations, concentrating on concerns touching on legal responsibility in agreement, tort, and legal legislation. The e-book is split into 4 sections. the 1st offers a conceptual evaluation of the problems at stake in a philosophical dialogue of legal responsibility and accountability. the second one, 3rd, and fourth sections current, in flip, extra unique explorations of the jobs of notions of legal responsibility and accountability in contracts, torts, and punishment. the gathering not just offers essentially the most not easy paintings being performed in felony philosophy this day, it additionally demonstrates the interdisciplinary personality of the sector of philosophy of legislations, with participants making an allowance for contemporary advancements in economics, political technological know-how, and rational selection idea. This thought-provoking quantity may also help to make clear the underexplored flooring that lies among legislation and morals.
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Additional info for Liability and Responsibility: Essays in Law and Morals
As yet we have almost no descriptive data, for instance, on the operation of intermediate appellate courts (but see Peltason 1961). Probably the most pressing of all the tasks of political jurisprudence is the development of a systematic description and analysis of the relation between lower and higher appellate courts in terms of power, inﬂuence, and differentiation of function. Let me give just one example to suggest the range of problems. Certain federal circuits build up special expertise in certain ﬁelds of public policy, for instance the ﬁfth circuit's oil and gas jurisprudence just mentioned.
Moreover, although the total number of political jurists is not very large and a certain amount of leadership and disciple-ship is present, political jurisprudence has not produced any commanding intellectual ﬁgure or even set of ﬁgures, nor an orthodoxy to which all the members can subscribe. Attempting to describe and delimit it is, therefore, something like trying to analyse a literary or artistic movement. We all generally know what and whom we are talking about if the theatre of the absurd or postabstractionist painting is mentioned.
This new movement is essentially an extension of certain elements of sociological jurisprudence and judicial realism combined with the substantive knowledge and methodology of political science. Its foundation is the sociological jurist's premise that law must be understood not as an independent organism but an integral part of the social system. Political jurisprudence is, in one sense, an attempt to advance sociological jurisprudence by greater specialization. It seeks to overcome the rather nebulous and over-general propositions of the earlier movement by concentrating on the speciﬁcally political aspects of law's interaction with society and describing the concrete impact of legal arrangements on the distribution of power and rewards among the various elements in a given society.