By Angelo Bonfiglioli
This e-book specializes in neighborhood environmental governance and decentralized average source administration. Environmental matters are analyzed opposed to the backdrop of recent techniques to neighborhood improvement. really vital is the idea that of ‘local environmental governance’: the standard, effectiveness and potency of environmental stewardship led by way of neighborhood administrations, its transparency and responsibility, and the way during which environmental powers and authority are exercised on the neighborhood point. The booklet highlights a brand new environmental method aimed toward integrating suitable technical measures into broader institutional frameworks and regulatory measures. It does this through linking neighborhood improvement matters to broader democratic methods, and by way of remodeling neighborhood populations from mere beneficiaries or clients of typical assets (or, worse, ‘targets’) into voters endowed with easy civil rights.
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Extra info for Lands of the Poor: Local Environmental Governance and the Decentralized Management of Natural Resources
The Local Government Act specifically states that district councils are responsible for helping the government preserve the environment by 33 LANDS OF THE POOR INSET 3: EMPOWERING USERS: EXAMPLES FROM NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORKS I n Nepal, the 1957 Private Forest Nationalization Act stated that all forestland and trees planted on private lands were owned by the government. The insecurity engendered by this Act, particularly with regard to people’s rights to use trees, led to the degradation of forests.
Environmental governance is about decisions regarding natural resources and ecosystems, ways of using these resources, the exercise of environmental powers and stewardship, and the manner in which decisions are made. 1 INTRODUCTION T he previous chapter attempted to synthesize key elements of current analysis of environmental issues and the relationship between poverty and the environment. This chapter focuses on a number of cross-cutting themes and issues – such as governance, institutions, broader perspectives, technical agenda and land security – that inform current debates on the sustainable use and management of natural resources, as well as the environmental approach adopted by major international funding agencies and governments of developing countries.
Since forestry officials operating at local government level are employed by the central government, they are upwardly accountable and wield both technical and political power. 106 Even the system of Land Boards in Botswana has its weaknesses. This, the only system of its kind in southern Africa, was created in 1968 with the Tribal Land Act to replace traditional chiefs as the main administrators of rural land. Its creation was seen as a necessary step towards the modernization of rural and urban land tenure and the democratization of land administration.