By Katherine Morton
Rapid fiscal progress within the world's such a lot populous state is resulting in common soil erosion, desertification, deforestation and the depletion of important usual assets. the dimensions and severity of environmental difficulties in China now threaten the commercial and social foundations of its modernization.
Using case reviews, Morton analyzes the connection among overseas and native responses to environmental difficulties in China, demanding the present knowledge that susceptible compliance is the one constraint upon neighborhood environmental administration in China. It advances interrelated discussions: first, it constructs a conceptual framework for realizing the foremost dimensions of environmental means. this is often extensively outlined to surround the monetary, institutional, technological and social features of environmental administration. moment, the booklet provides the result of an empirical inquiry into the implementation of donor-funded environmental tasks in either China's poorer and comparatively built areas. via drawing upon large fieldwork, it seeks to give an explanation for how, and less than what stipulations, foreign donors can boost China's environmental means, specially on the neighborhood point. it will likely be of curiosity to these learning chinese language politics, environmental reports and foreign relations.
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Additional info for International Aid And China's Environment: Taming the Yellow Dragon (Routledge Studies in China in Transition)
However, the political, economic and social constraints involved in implementing such an approach in developing countries cannot be ignored. Simply advocating diversity is no guarantee that any positive changes in behaviour will endure over time. For this, we need to understand how particular approaches actually build environmental capacity. We shall be seeking to elucidate some of the complexity of the relationship between approaches and capacity in the detailed empirical studies in Chapters 3–5.
Nevertheless, this chapter will show that the Chinese government is moving towards a broader interpretation of environmental management that embraces regulations, legislation, economic incentives and, to a lesser degree, public participation. In effect, at least at the policy level, environmental reforms in China are increasingly aligned to international standards. However, both market incentives and public participation remain difficult options in practice. The prospects for successfully implementing a marketoriented approach to environmental management are higher in China’s richer regions where economic reforms are more advanced and where the ability to pay for environmental quality is relatively high.
The actual interplay between divergent environmental approaches and capacity needs to be determined on the basis of empirical investigation. The purpose of this chapter, therefore, is not to elucidate the linkages but rather to provide a framework of analysis for interpreting the case studies presented in Chapters 3–5. A pluralistic approach to environmental management Traditional theory on environmental management is rooted in the fundamental premise that self-interested behaviour will inevitably lead to environmental degradation.