By Ronal Larson, Ronald E. West
Implementation of sun Thermal know-how describes thesuccesses and screw ups of the commercialization efforts of the U.S.solar thermal strength software, from the oil embargo of 1973 throughthe death of this system within the early Reagan management andits afterlife given that then. The emphasis all through is on lessonslearned from the sunlight event, with a watch towards applicationsto different initiatives in addition to towards attainable renewal of efforts atcommercialization.Part I discusses the heritage of presidency involvement in solardevelopment and the parallel improvement of the marketplace for solarproducts. half II appears on the histories of particular commercializationprograms for 5 parts (active heating and cooling, passivetechnologies, passive advertisement development actions, industrialprocess warmth, and high-temperature technologies). elements III-VIIIfocus in activate demonstration and development tasks, qualityassurance, info dissemination courses, efforts to transfertechnology to undefined, incentive courses (tax credit, financing,and grants), and organizational support.Solar warmth applied sciences: basics and purposes, quantity 10
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Extra resources for Implementation of Solar Thermal Technology
2 3. 4 IPH RSECs The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in hearings on 1 8 March 1 980 had interesting commercialization data on the role of the RSECs, showing a total in FY 1 979 of about $ 1 3 . 7 million, approximately equally split between the four RSECs (Senate 1 980, 1 4). 0 Market analysis Systems development support Market tests and applications Market development and training There were small allocations in these totals for technology areas other than solar thermal, but the vast majority was for the solar thermal area, which dominated commercial sales in that year.
4. 1 Programmatic Commercialization Budgets Comparing all the data shows that solar thermal program commercialization accounted for about one-third of the solar thermal total program cost. Figure 1 . 8 shows annual values for the six commercialization categories. Because it so dominates the total, we discuss the tax credit part of the subsidization category separately in the next subsection. 8 are that the demonstration category was largest, followed closely by the information category, while other categories were either very small or almost nonexistent.
There was an early realization that tax deductions and tax credits were strong stimulatives for wealthy buyers but that some lower-income families would need an attractive loan arrangement to also participate. Ferrey describes in detail a loan program managed by HUD, the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Program, that was applied in part to the solar thermal technologies program. As a member of one of two advisory committees for the loan program, which was "neither a bank nor a regu latory program," he was in a unique position to observe and report on its operation and eventual slow demise.