By Ka Zeng
“The authors make a few very severe interventions during this debate and students engaged within the environmental ‘pollution haven’ and ‘race to the ground’ debates might want to take the arguments made right here heavily, re-evaluating their very own hottest theories to reply to the insightful theorizing and empirically rigorous trying out that Zeng and Eastin found in the book.”—Ronald Mitchell, collage of Oregon China has earned a name for lax environmental criteria that allegedly allure organisations extra attracted to revenue than in ethical accountability and, for that reason, additional negate incentives to elevate environmental criteria. unusually, Ka Zeng and Joshua Eastin locate that foreign fiscal integration with realms that experience stringent environmental laws allows the diffusion of company environmental norms and criteria to chinese language provinces. whilst, issues approximately “green” price lists imposed through uploading international locations inspire chinese language export-oriented organizations to ratchet up their very own environmental criteria. The authors current systematic quantitative and qualitative analyses and knowledge that not just exhibit the ways that exterior marketplace strain affects household environmental coverage but in addition lend credence to arguments for the ameliorative impression of alternate and overseas direct funding at the international surroundings.
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Additional info for Greening China: The Benefits of Trade and Foreign Direct Investment (Michigan Studies in International Political Economy)
80 We argue that the trading-up logic can help us understand how patterns of trade, not simply the total volume of trade, can affect the cross-provincial variation in environmental performance in China, and that this dynamic can also apply to production standards. We ‹nd that foreign direct investment generates a comparable effect. Similarly dubbed, the investing-up argument illustrates the positive impact of business strategies developed by ‹rms in the highly regulated markets on investment locations in less regulated economies.
In sum, we argue that Chinese provincial of‹cials do not engage in regulatory competition as a means for investment attraction and growth encouragement. Although the thrust of our work is aimed at the ‹rm perspective of the RTB and PH debate, our analysis of the impact of economic integration on pollution outputs in chapter 4 lends insight into the deregulatory demands placed Debunking Hypotheses / 33 on Chinese provincial governments. The empirical evidence presented in this chapter indicates that increasing levels of trade and investment are not harmful to the Chinese environment and may actually be bene‹cial.
The low-cost design of these plants means that they are less ef‹cient and emit more CO2. 7 Cement production has also increased drastically in recent decades as the rush toward modernization has increased the demand for infrastructural development. Consequently, China now accounts for half of all global cement production, and a ‹fth of China’s total CO2 emissions can be traced to the cement industry. China is also the ultimate global emitter of sulfur dioxide (SO2), a potentially much more environmentally destructive gas.