By Don Nardo
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Additional resources for Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire (World History)
Minghans, each minghan contained ten squadrons of a hundred men called jaguns and each jagun was divided into ten troops of ten men called arbans. The ten men in each arban elected their own commander and the ten commanders of the arbans elected the commander of the jagun. 31 The noyans and other military officers were the key to keeping the various army units well ordered and efficient. First, these commanders immediately and strictly followed their superiors’ orders, which ensured that every man in the army would carry out the khan’s strategy promptly and accurately.
Among the other capital offenses (those punishable by death) were murder, adultery, employing sorcery to harm someone, and declaring bankruptcy three times. As for the methods of execution, average citizens were usually beheaded or hacked to death with swords. Individuals of high military or social rank, on the other hand, could request a so-called bloodless death, such as being wrapped in a carpet and crushed, as Genghis Khan’s former friend Jamuka had been. A good many other crimes were punished by less drastic means.
World History of Warfare, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 178. 60 ■ Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire While the city’s guards and soldiers desperately fought the flames, the Mongols swooped down on the burning city and captured it with minimal effort. The Battle of Beijing Not all of the cities Genghis Khan captured fell because of such stealth tactics. He also set about learning the art of traditional siege warfare, in part by capturing Chinese engineers and persuading them to teach him.