By James P. Kahan
The dying and devastation within the Gulf coast area of the U.S. after the storm season of 2005 has resulted in enormous debate approximately easy methods to get over the wear and tear and mitigate harm from destiny incidents. This rfile stories the reviews of 4 significant floods due to the fact that 1948 (two within the usa, one within the Netherlands, and one in China), to attract classes for the Gulf coast recovery attempt.
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Extra resources for From Flood Control to Integrated Water Resource Management: Lessons for the Gulf Coast from Flooding in Other Places in the Last Sixty Years (Occasional Paper)
During the 18th and 19th centuries, European immigrants settled in the region (Barry, 1997; IFMRC, 1994). The ﬁrst settlers were farmers, but urbanization slowly occurred as the river was used as a transportation system and as the area came to be used as a way station for development of the Great Plains. The newcomers changed the ﬂoodplain system by building levees and drainage systems to control the ﬂoods. In 1840—when the local governments of the lower Mississippi realized that they could not succeed in ﬂood control by themselves, the federal government took on part of the responsibility.
They claim that the models used to predict ﬂoods for the Mississippi and Missouri rivers were not reliable (Bhowmilk, 1996)—a claim the NWS does not deny. S. Geological Survey, no date [b]). After the ﬂood, suggestions were made for improving the detection system by using more accurate technologies such as geographic information systems in data analysis and by using more accurate maps of ﬂoodplains—the outcome of the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) map modernization program (Cartwright, 2005).
For example, many businesses had plans for informing their employees and clients during 20 From Flood Control to Integrated Water Resource Management ﬂoods about the latest news to decrease their stress about what might happen to their monthly income, monthly rents, and insurances. Other ﬁrms donated cellular phones to city oﬃcials and to the Red Cross to improve communications. Daily newspapers listed resources ranging from temporary housing to child care services and were provided free of charge in refugee centers (Greenberg and Shell, 1993).