By Jean A. Rondal
Complicated language acquisition is feasible even with critical psychological handicap. this can be the belief reached on the finish of an intensive learn of the language of a Down syndrome grownup girl, showing nearly general expressive and receptive grammar. this example, provided during this e-book, is in comparison to a small variety of different unparalleled situations of language improvement in psychological retardation. The findings are robust arguments opposed to the declare that the purchase of grammar is dependent upon past nonlinguistic cognitive achievements. in addition, info research and comparability with different observations in language pathology (specific language impaired youngsters, aphasic syndromes, degenerative syndromes, dementias) recommend that linguistic wisdom includes self reliant yet interacting modules. those facts additionally offer attention-grabbing arguments in prefer of a perception of grammatical improvement because the sluggish unfolding of innate species-specific tendencies, and unquestionably this booklet will entice researchers and complicated scholars in language improvement, developmental psychopathology and distinct schooling.
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Additional info for Exceptional Language Development in Down Syndrome: Implications for the Cognition-Language Relationship (Cambridge Monographs and Texts in Applied Psycholinguistics)
Her reasoning (assessed in Piagetian sedation, classification, and conservation tasks) was clearly at the preoperational level. She proved unable to order pictures into logical sequences. Finally, her hierarchical construction capacity (praxis) was estimated to be at the 2-year-old level. 5 Dissociative tendencies in the language of typical mentally retarded subjects A large number of data also exist that show delays in some aspects of language development in typical moderately and severely MR children that are greater than those that would be predicted on the basis of MA.
6 Pragmatics Although formally reduced, the language of DS individuals is not devoid of communicative value as further indicated by Rondal and Lambert's study (1983) - see Table 2-2. Conversational topics are dealt with in such a way as to allow for the necessary continuity in the exchange between interlocutors. Language content is informative and new information is exchanged (Bolognini, Guidollet, Plancherel, & Bettschart, 1988). Major illocutionary types of sentences are used. , dyadic or triadic ordinary conversation in familiar settings) - another indication that pragmatic skills cannot be analyzed and described without reference to context (Bates, 1976).
Birthday' for 'cake', 'cutting' for 'pasting'). , 'to' for 'from', 'in' for 'with'). , 'who' for 'what', 'that' for 'he'). At times, Antony exploited his grammatical knowledge to compensate for his deficient lexicon, creating a different kind of error. , 'sweeper' for 'broom', 'sewing' for 'spool'). These latter errors reveal a productive knowledge of derivational morphology and the syntactic class such morphology creates, (p. 374) Antony's language was also deficient in terms of content. He is reported as frequently failing to grasp the full meaning of his own and others' utterances.