By Roy E. Appleman
After its winning touchdown at Inchon and seize of Seoul in September 1950, the U.S. X Corps used to be joined by way of 8th military, and lots of humans anticipated the 2 instructions to be mixed into one. in its place, common MacArthur ordered the X Corps to load onto ships and go back and forth round the peninsula to northeastern Korea and the port urban of Wonsan, which the South Korean I Corps had captured. significant components of X Corps have been to maneuver west from their positions in northeast Korea and lower the availability traces of chinese language troops anticipated to move the Yalu and confront 8th military. different components of X Corps may push north towards the border and hence regulate all of Korea. Neither objective was once met. Escaping the catch tells what occurred whilst X Corps came across that the chinese language had crossed the Yalu unseen and marched speedily to Chosin Reservoir, the place they landed a shock assault opposed to the first Marine department and the army's thirty first Regimental strive against group of the seventh Infantry department. The chinese language assault in past due November 1950 almost annihilated the thirty first RCT east of Chosin, whereas the first Marine department made an break out via treacherous terrain and a forty-mile roadblock, pushing directly to the coast and the enormous evacuation of X Corps from North Korea. Roy E. Appleman's learn of the day by day documents of X Corps and of released fabric and his interviews and correspondence with survivors make the entire tale of this element of the Korean battle on hand for the 1st time.
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Extra info for Escaping the Trap: The Us Army X Corps in Northeast Korea, 1950 (Texas a and M University Military History Series, 14)
The reason for this change was that, by then, the planned X Corps attack westward would have been useless. Eighth Army entered Pyongyang on 19 October. Also significant for X Corps's plans was the fact that the ROK Capital Division had occupied Hungnam and Ham- Page 4 The US invasion fleet in Wonsan harbor, northeast Korea, November 1950 (National Archives, USN 80-G 422091) hung two days earlier, on 17 October. The ROK I Corps on the east coast had marched northward faster than anyone had anticipated.
On 14 November a cold front descended over all of North Korea, with temperatures reaching 35 degrees below zero in the X Corps area. The next day, the fifteenth, General MacArthur sent a directive to Almond that changed his mission from driving north to the border to one of turning west to the Manpojin-Kanggye-Huichon road, which ran south from the Yalu border at Chian to cross a low divide to the Chongchon River drainage. Now X Corps could help Eighth Army, which would be attacking north up the valley of the Chongchon on this road toward the border.
It was mostly a naval operation, but the land forces had to provide a de- Page xiii fensible perimeter, constantly shrinking, as the forces loaded out. All was handled in a most professional manner without panic developing and free from any danger of the loading out being hampered by enemy action or of the defensive perimeter being overrun, as was rumored in the United States, where it was reported that the evacuation was turning into another Dunkirk. X Corps was moved to the southern tip of the peninsula, and most of it unloaded at Pusan and from there moved by rail and truck to assembly areas away from the port city.