By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Additional info for Environmentally Sustainable Buildings: Challenges and Policies
Table 6. Households by tenure in selected OECD countries Owned Rented Australia (1997) 70% 30% Canada (1999) 64% 36% France (1995) 60% 40% Germany (1993) 42% 58% Japan (1997) 62% 38% UK (1994) 67% 33% US (1999) 67% 33% Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2000b); Statistics Canada (2000); European Commission (1998); Japanese Ministry of General Affairs (1998); US Census Bureau (2000c). 4. Spatially fixed nature of products and production processes, and heterogeneity of buildings The building sector is distinguished by the physical nature of its production process and its products.
2. , 1997, Cole, 1998). 3. 3. ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS – CHALLENGES AND POLICIES – ISBN 92-64-19825-3 – © OECD 2003 55 4. UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BUILDING SECTOR AND BARRIERS TO IMPROVEMENT 4. The lack of concern is also attributive to the fact that the environmental cost of generating waste is not fully internalised in the decisions by those in the supply chain. 5. A total of around 160 association/institutions of designers, owners, tenants and estate agents were contacted, and 46 responded.
6. This scheme was applied to nearly 40% of newly built apartments in France in 2000. 7. The discussion in this sub-section can be applied to measures for reducing the energy used for refurbishing existing buildings. 8. RECOs usually target dwellings, but in some cases they also cover commercial buildings. 9. The Dutch government has also implemented a capital subsidy program, called TELI, which is targeting low-income households. 10. Federal states in Germany have also implemented premium loan schemes targeting low-income households.