By Gerald Jonker
This booklet presents engineers with the required info to layout sustainable strategies, items and price chains. It describes the present consensus on sustainable improvement for 4 context degrees: Planet, Society, company, and Engineers. It additionally provides all required layout steps: from challenge definition, through synthesis of power recommendations, research of recommendations, advancements to the ultimate resolution review. for every layout step, tools and guidance are supplied when it comes to the objective of acquiring a sustainable answer; an answer that meets either the desires of individuals and all particular context constraints with reference to the planet and prosperity.
- Provides info at the present consensus on sustainable improvement for 4 context degrees: Planet, Society, company and Engineers
- Offers guidance for studying difficulties and making a choice on the simplest answer for every challenge as acceptable to a particular scenario
- Provides transparent layout approaches for implementation of a selected answer
- Helps engineers to come back up with ecocnomic designs which meet environmental constraints
- Presents the data that engineers have to meet strength, water, foodstuff, healthiness, and different easy human needs
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Extra resources for Engineering for Sustainability. A Practical Guide for Sustainable Design
All these business models are reported to provide a useful framework to work on sustainability. The sustainability value framework provides a clear representation of business strategies [2,82], Fig. 11. 6 TYPICAL BUSINESS STRATEGY STAGES IN SUSTAINABILITY More differentiated to sustainability, typical stages are : ‘Viewing Compliance as Opportunity’, ‘Making Value Chains Sustainable’, ‘Designing Sustainable Products and Services’, ‘Developing New Business Models’, and ‘Creating Next-Practice Platforms’.
CONTEXT LEVEL PLANET 39 categories are quantified and schematically show the level for which the Earth is expected to recover from, called the safe operating space. Three categories seriously exceed the green inner circle, which are biodiversity loss, the biogeochemical flow boundary of nitrogen, and climate change. These three are discussed hereafter. Biodiversity loss has increased enormously during the last few centuries. At this moment, about 25e30% of all known species of mammals are at risk of extinction, as well as 11% of the known birds, 20% of the reptiles, 25% of amphibians, and 34% of fish, primarily freshwater fish .
Fig. 5 shows how all input and output streams can be represented with their sources and destinations. Defining all output streams and all input streams in composition and size is an essential element of the problem definition. In general, it is most convenient to start with defining the main product output stream. Then main input streams required for that product output stream can be defined. Finally, all other output streams and additional input streams are defined. Here sustainable development items related to environmental emissions over the life cycle (see chapter 4 on life cycle assessment method) can be made effective by allowing only output streams that have value and not allowing waste streams.