Download Developmental Regulation in Adulthood: Age-Normative and by Jutta Heckhausen PDF

April 5, 2017 | Developmental Psychology | By admin | 0 Comments

By Jutta Heckhausen

Human habit is especially versatile, able to influencing an immense number of developmental paths. consequently, improvement within the lifestyles path should be regulated. The life-span concept of keep an eye on proposes that keep watch over of one's surroundings is the major to adaptive functioning through the existence span. This concept identifies the evolutionary roots and the life-span developmental process human striving to regulate the surroundings (primary regulate) and the self (secondary control). basic keep watch over is directed at generating results within the exterior international, whereas secondary keep an eye on affects the interior global to be able to optimize the motivational assets for basic regulate. a chain of reviews illustrates the wealthy repertoire of the human regulate procedure to grasp developmental demanding situations in a variety of age classes and developmental ecologies. Researchers in social and developmental psychology, sociology, and anthropology will welcome this new addition to the literature.

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Another particularly destructive mechanism disfavoring old age may be the coupling of late-onset disease with adaptive characteristics in early life. , resilience against life-threatening infectious diseases) may, for instance, have the side effect of rendering the individual vulnerable to Alzheimer's disease in old age. Such a systematic mechanism could be expected to produce high prevalence rates of Alzheimer's disease, as has actually been found in very old populations (about 50 percent of adults over ninety years of age; Helmchen et al.

As social constructions of reality they are not arbitrary but constrained in their variability vis-a-vis reality. However, age-normative conceptions are highly relevant for the individual personally, because even if the respective age period is not currently her own, it will have been or will become the present self. Behavioral expressions of a dynamic interface between the personal age and agenormative conceptions are closely related to phenomena of strategic social comparison and social downgrading that will be discussed and empirically investigated in Chapter 7.

Biological and sociostructural influences, as well as age-normative conceptions, will be discussed separately and in more detail in the following sections. At this point, two age-graded influences that cut across the biology and social structure of the life course as well as across age-normative conceptions should be mentioned (see also review in Brandtstadter, 1990). , autonomy in value judgments; see review in J. Heckhausen 1990b; J. Heckhausen 8c Lang 1996). The topic of agegraded developmental tasks will be taken up again in Chapter 5, where a model of developmental goals as organizers of the individual's developmental regulation is presented.

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