Download Degrees of Excellence: A Fatimid Treatise on Leadership in by Arzina R. Lalani PDF

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By Arzina R. Lalani

Ahmad b. Ibrahim al-Naysaburi (996-1021) lived on the top of Fatimid rule in Egypt. the most unusual students of his time, a number of very important works are authorized to him. although, it truly is his significant treatise - the Kitab Ithbat al-imama - that is of seminal value within the philosophical improvement of medieval Muslim proposal. it truly is during this paintings - that's right here awarded in a totally clean version and a brand new translation - that al-Naysaburi daringly makes use of rational instruments to provide an explanation for and expound his theology, instead of base his assertions solely at the authority of the Qur'an and Hadith. looking to verify the imamate from a philosophical point of view, he makes use of a number of units to reinforce his thesis, starting from the so-called ten different types of the philosophers to numerous organic metaphors from crops and bushes to animals and minerals. His prime equipment is the idea of 'degrees of excellence'. Accepting that there are ameliorations and disparities inside of each one genus and species, he provides paradigms of ideal examples in every one style, and demonstrates in a parallel demeanour that it's the Imam who stands on the apex of humanity.

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Extra resources for Degrees of Excellence: A Fatimid Treatise on Leadership in Islam (Ismaili Texts and Translations)

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97–122, Arabic texts, pp. 1–31. , Cambridge, 2007), pp. 96–97 and pp. 116–119 as well as his analysis on the Fatimid doctrine of the qaʾim, pp. 164–165, 207–208. 35. Paragraph [81] of the text and translation. 36. Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī, Rāḥat al-ʿaql, ed. M. Kāmil Ḥusayn and M. Muṣṭafā Ḥilmī (Leiden and Cairo, 1953), pp. 426–427, and his Kitāb al-riyāḍ, ed. ʿArif Tāmir, pp. 182–184 and 199–206; also see Wilferd Madelung, ‘Ismāʿīliyya’, in EI2, vol. 4, pp. 198–206. 14 degrees of excellence (maʾdhūn) and ‘motivator’ (mukallib), with the imam being the supreme embodiment of the daʿwa.

178–191 and p. 579, n. 77, and to Halm, The Fatimids, pp. 35–40. 61. , p. 183. 62. Abū Yaʿlā Ḥamza Ibn al-Qalānisī, Dhayl taʾrīkh Dimashq, ed. F. Amedroz (Leiden, 1908), p. 61, cited by Paul E. Walker, ‘The Ismaili Daʿwā in the Reign of the Fatimid Caliph al-Ḥākim’, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, 30 (1993), p. 169. 63. The word durūz is a broken plural from darzī. For details on their beliefs and theology see Sami N. Makarem, The Druze Faith (Delmar, NY, 1974), and his introduction 23 in Cairo so that even the majālis al-ḥikma had to be shut down for a while.

Lalani, Early Shīʿī Thought: The Teachings of Imam Muḥammad al-Bāqir (London, 2000), pp. 46–53. 70. See details in section seven of the text and translation. The concept of faḍl or excellence also occurs in the Qurʾan. See Qurʾan, 16: 71 and 17: 70. introduction 25 the distinction of his descendants, which included his present imam, al-Ḥākim. This, in turn, was bound to the essential question of whether or not the Qurʾan and the traditions, in their application to the community, were to be interpreted by the scholars or by the decisions of the imam.

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