By Andre Richardt, Marc-Michael Blum
In line with effects formerly constrained for army use and inaccessible to the general public, this practice-oriented instruction manual introduces using enzymes for quick and effective decontamination of B/C guns in quite a few situations, together with terrorist assaults. It attracts at the the world over famous technological management of the German military, whose anti-B/C expertise is without doubt one of the so much complicated all over the world. The textual content is rounded off with a glance at destiny perspectives.Content:
Chapter 1 The historical past of organic war (pages 1–10): Friedrich Frischknecht
Chapter 2 historical past of Chemical conflict (pages 11–19): Dr. Andre Richardt
Chapter three tracking and New Threats of Chemical/Biological guns (pages 21–33): Dr. Andre Richardt and Roland Dierstein
Chapter four organic conflict brokers (pages 35–54): Heiko Russmann and Dr. Andre Richardt
Chapter five Chemical war brokers (pages 55–66): Alexander Grabowski, Dr. Andre Richardt and Dr. Marc?Michael Blum
Chapter 6 Decontamination of organic battle brokers (pages 67–82): Barbel Niederwohrmeier and Dr. Andre Richardt
Chapter 7 Decontamination of Chemical battle brokers (pages 83–115): Hans?Jurgen Altmann and Dr. Andre Richardt
Chapter eight a brief advent to Enzyme Catalysis (pages 117–134): Dr. Marc?Michael Blum
Chapter nine Hydrolytic Enzymes for Chemical struggle Agent Decontamination (pages 135–162): Dr. Marc?Michael Blum and Dr. Andre Richardt
Chapter 10 Laccases–Oxidative Enzymes for Bioremediation of Xenotics and Inactivation of Bacillus Spores (pages 163–200): Barbel Niederwohrmeier, Lars Ostergaard, Dr. Andre Richardt and Steffen Danielsen
Chapter eleven scientific facets of Chemical struggle brokers (pages 201–221): Kai Kehe, Franz Worek and Horst Thiermann
Chapter 12 Microemulsions: a flexible service for Decontamination brokers (pages 223–251): Thomas Hellweg, Stefan Wellert, S. J. Mitchell and Dr. Andre Richardt
Chapter thirteen Immobilization of Enzymes (pages 253–271): Birgit Hulseweh, Dr. Andre Richardt and Bernd Niemeyer
Chapter 14 highway forward (pages 273–287): Dr. Marc?Michael Blum, Heiko Russmann and Dr. Andre Richardt
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Additional resources for Decontamination of Warfare Agents: Enzymatic Methods for the Removal of B/C Weapons
4 Asymmetric Warfare With the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the focus of military planning has shifted from the possibility of a major war against a peer adversary to that of regional wars, ranging from major theatre wars against nonpeers to smaller scale contingencies. At the same time, there has been growing concern about the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction following a burst of chemical weapons proliferation in the 1980s and the near-brush with Iraqi biological weapons in 1992.
In the early stages of World War I, the British examined their own chemical technology for battleﬁeld use. Their ﬁrst investigations also covered tear agents, but later they put their effort towards more toxic chemicals. Nevertheless, the ﬁrst large-scale use of chemicals during World War I was initiated by heavily industrialized Germany. Three thousand 105mm shells ﬁlled with the lung irritant dianisidine chlorosulfate were ﬁred at British troops by the Germans near Neuve Chapelle on October 27th 1914, but with no visible effect.
In 1994 a Japanese religious cult, Aum Shinrikyo, released nerve agents in a residual area of Matsumoto, Japan, and in 1995 they used sarin in a crowded Tokyo subway [1, 19, 20]. This is an example of how the use of chemical warfare agents by terrorists could be a signiﬁcant threat to the civilian population. Although the public interest in and fear of the danger of chemical warfare terrorism was high after the Aum Shinrikyo attacks, we should be aware that in reality more people die worldwide in industrial accidents with toxic chemicals, especially in the third world, than in chemical attacks.