By I.R. Finetti
This ebook provides and discusses new facts starting from Alps to Africa, acquired through the CROP venture (transcrustal seismic exploration of the Mediterranean and Italy). New lithospheric imagings of correct value for realizing disputed subject matters are supplied. Alps, Apennines, Calabrian Arc, Sicilian Apennine, Maghrebian Chain, Corso-Sardinian Block, paleo-basins (Ionian, Alpine Tethys), neo-basins (Balearic and Tyrrhenian) are innovatively reconstructed.
* presents new facts from the Alps to Africa
* offers interpretation of the CROP seismic community data
* bargains a stepwise raise in details with new info for extra stories
Read Online or Download CROP Project, Volume 1: Deep Seismic Exploration of the Central Mediterranean and Italy (Atlases in Geoscience) PDF
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Additional resources for CROP Project, Volume 1: Deep Seismic Exploration of the Central Mediterranean and Italy (Atlases in Geoscience)
It is to be noted that the MS seismic lines, programmed at 10 s (TWT) penetration, in the Tyrrhenian and Ionian oceanic basins cross the whole crust and enter the upper mantle, thus integrating the successive deep CROP sections with comparable information. In Figure 14 is exhibited a good seismic close-up of the line MS-60 showing the frontal wedge of the Calabrian arc and the Ionian crustal stratigraphy. This outermost Calabrian zone does not deform the condensed Ionian cover of the I–TO interval (Permo-Triassic to Oligocene), but only the Miocene to Quaternary.
The average velocity in the lower European crust seems higher here than beneath cross-section 1. , 1990). Therefore, in the western Alpine arc, the westwards push of the high density materiel at very shallow depths is very clear. , 1995; Holliger and Kissling, 1992; Buness, 1992) is the better controlled WARR profile crossing the Alps, being based on several reversed shots, although they are spaced more than 100 km apart. Moreover it intersects, among others, two longitudinal crustal and lithospheric profiles (SudALP and ALP ’75).
In this transept the European crustal domain appears to extend southwards well beyond the Periadriatic Lineament. S. 4a) while it seems flatter in the southern one, where a depth of 55 km is reached. The overthrusting of the Adriatic upper mantle (30 km deep) onto the European (55 km deep) is positioned beneath the city of Trento. The Adriatic lower crustal layers also override the European lower crust, but their front appears to be shifted northwards to a much larger extent than along the transept 4a (about 100 km).