By Jon Barnett
Small Island constructing States are frequently depicted as being one of the so much weak of all areas to the results of weather switch, and they're a reason c?l?bre of many excited about weather technology, politics and the media. but whereas small island constructing states are a lot stated, the creation of either medical wisdom and rules to guard the rights of those international locations and their humans has been remarkably gradual. This ebook is the 1st to use a severe method of weather swap technology and coverage tactics within the South Pacific quarter. It exhibits how teams inside of politically and scientifically robust nations applicable the difficulty of island vulnerability in ways in which don't do justice to the lives of island humans. It argues that the ways that islands and their population are represented in weather technological know-how and politics seldom ends up in significant responses to aid them to conform to weather swap. all through, the authors concentrate on the hitherto principally missed social affects of weather switch, and reveal that variation and mitigation rules can't be potent with no knowing the social platforms and values of island societies.
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Additional resources for Climate Change and Small Island States: Power, Knowledge and the South Pacific (Earthscan Climate)
This is important to recognize, not least because it means that ‘one size fits all’ approaches to adaptation are unlikely to be successful in any given place. In this chapter, we illustrate the considerable variety of islands, in terms of their geomorphology, climate and biota, and human uses of these elements. The chapter also outlines changes in the relationships between people and their environment in the Pacific Island region over time. In the jargon of climate change impact assessment, this chapter provides baseline information on the environment and society of Pacific Island countries (PICs).
Another outcome of colonization was increased vulnerability to extreme events. A number of social and economic changes reduced the resilience of Pacific Island communities in the face of natural hazards. 2, which shows that there has been both a reduction in community resilience and Kerrypress Ltd – Typeset in XML A Division: chap02 F Sequential 14 JOBNAME: Earthscan−Climate PAGE: 15 SESS: 37 OUTPUT: Tue Mar 9 16:48:42 2010 SUM: 52F4AFA1 /production/earthscan/books/climate/chap02 ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT IN PACIFIC ISLANDS 35 greater exposure to extreme events than before colonization.
Traditional canoe fishing is a hazardous activity and knowledge about where and how to catch fish was critical to the survival of atoll peoples – so much so that those who possess this knowledge still remain highly regarded within their communities (Hooper, 1983). Traditional social-ecological systems also had to cope with extreme events, particularly drought and tropical cyclones. Throughout the region it would appear that there were numerous practices that enhanced the resilience of communities in the face of such events, as described by Lessa (1964), Marshall (1979) and Campbell (1990), among others.