By Kees Van Dijk
Contemporary years have proven a rise in curiosity within the research of cleanliness from a old and sociological point of view. a lot of such reviews on bathing and washing, on preserving the physique and the streets fresh, and on grime and the wrestle of airborne dirt and dust, concentrate on Europe. In Cleanliness and tradition cognizance shifts to the tropics, to Indonesia, in colonial instances in addition to within the current. matters diversity from using cleaning soap and the bathing of garments as a pretext to assert superiority of race and sophistication to how references to being fresh performed a job in a crusade opposed to ecu homosexuals within the Netherlands Indies on the finish of the Nineteen Thirties. different themes are eerie dermis ailments and the sanitary measures to dispose of them, and the way misconceptions approximately loss of hygiene because the reason for ailment hampered the discovering of a therapy. consciousness can also be interested in transformations in angle in the direction of appearing own physique services outside and taking flight to the privateness of the rest room, to standard bathing ritual and to the fashionable tropical Spa tradition as a manifestation of a brand new Asian way of life. With contributions via Bart Barendregt, Marieke Bloembergen, Kees van Dijk, Mary Somers Heidhues, David Henley, George Quinn, and Jean Gelman Taylor.
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Extra resources for Cleanliness and Culture: Indonesian Histories
Breet, Michael 2003 De Oost-Indische voyagie van Wouter Schouten. Zutphen: Walburg Pers. M. M. Bijl de Vroe. Ingeleid en bewerkt door Marian Schouten. Met een woord vooraf door A. Alberts. Haarlem: Fibula Van Dishoeck. Cock Buning, W. de 1916-1917 ‘De Indo-Europeaan’, Koloniale Studiën 1:370-402. Cockayne, Emily 2007 Hubbub; Filth, noise & stench in England 1600-1770. New Haven, CT/London: Yale University Press. Collis, Maurice 1966 Raffles. London: Faber and Faber. Corbin, Alain 1986 Pestdamp en bloesemgeur; Een geschiedenis van de reuk.
In the second half of the eighteenth century and well into the nineteenth century, the well-to-do in France and Germany considered their domestic servants dirty and complained about their smell (forcing some of them to take a bath). Some contemporary authors suggest their readers should keep domestics out of the children’s nursery or bedroom and to air the rooms they lived in (Corbin 1986:189, 192, 203, 214). 17 | Kees van Dijk scraped off the walls, to say nothing of the floors on which they sleep’.
It covers concepts of the body and developments in material culture such as plumbing and the flushing toilet. Historians of ideas explore concepts of pollution and purity; 1 See, for example, ‘Interior with two women beside a linen press’ by Pieter de Hooch, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, SK-C-1191 and ‘The drunken pair’ by Jan Steen, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, SK-C-232. 42 2 Histories from the KITLV Images Archive | they argue that dirt and cleanliness are social constructs, or, in Terence McLaughlin’s words (1971:1), matters of ‘judgement’.