By John Wong, Lai Hongyi
Read or Download China into the Hu-wen Era: Policy Initiatives And Challenges (Series on Contemporary China) PDF
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Extra resources for China into the Hu-wen Era: Policy Initiatives And Challenges (Series on Contemporary China)
Predicting the future. However, given our knowledge about Chinese politics in recent decades and the findings summarized above and in light of the discussion of our contributors, several outstanding tasks and challenges can be identified. The leadership will remain pragmatic but may become more diversified in the coming years. Having gone through the Cultural Revolution, China's new leaders are less ideological. Chinese leaders will continue to focus on domestic affairs. It will continue to pursue its New Deal by emphasizing social harmony, developing backward regions, helping out the poor, and making the government more responsive.
Cai argues that citizen resistance is triggered by not only the government's rights-violating practices, but also by risks and opportunities that government policies entail. The Chinese government clearly cannot tolerate disruptive action of a political nature. But its response to citizens' non-political action has a mixed message. This invites disgruntled people to turn to a persistent, coordinated, and disruptive non-political action. In this case, the state's technical responses of "divide-and-conquer" and a mix of sticks and carrots may not suffice and its policy responses addressing the sources of popular resentment are needed.
There are historical precedents in the CMC that could be followed by Jiang and Hu. In the case of Deng and Jiang, Jiang signed most documents of strategic importance after consulting with Deng before he took over the CMC. Yet the time-lag was less than half a year. The institutional confusion passed quickly. In addition, General Wang Ruilin, Deng's political secretary and a CMC member, also played a crucial role in liaison. Was this pattern of interaction between the two lines of leaders copied by Jiang and Hu?