By Scott C. Levi
Caravans tells the interesting tale of numerous Punjabi Khatri retailers who equipped nice company empires via their ingenuity and spirit of event. working through the 16th via 19th centuries, those retailers risked every little thing and travelled throughout Afghanistan, relevant Asia, Iran and Russia. They used subtle recommendations to transform a modest volume of item into substantial portfolios for alternate and moneylending ventures.
Caravans demanding situations the assumption that the emerging tide of ecu exchange within the Indian Ocean usurped the overland ‘Silk street’ exchange, and demonstrates how hundreds of thousands of Punjabis created a booming marketplace in critical Asia at accurately this ancient second.
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Additional resources for Caravans: Indian Merchants on the Silk Road
The extensive travel produced a lot of information but not as much understanding as I had hoped. Despite this lack, I thought that my research was nearly finished when I arrived in Mongolia in 1998 to finalize the project with some background on the area of Genghis Khan’s youth in what, I assumed, would be a final, brief excursion. That trip turned into another five years of far more intensive research than I could have imagined. I found Mongolians to be delirious at their freedom from centuries of foreign rule, and much of the excitement centered on honoring the memory of their founding father, Genghis Khan.
The Mongols made no technological breakthroughs, founded no new religions, wrote few books or dramas, and gave the world no new crops or methods of agriculture. Their own craftsmen could not weave cloth, cast metal, make pottery, or even bake bread. They manufactured neither porcelain nor pottery, painted no pictures, and built no buildings. Yet, as their army conquered culture after culture, they collected and passed all of these skills from one civilization to the next. The only permanent structures Genghis Khan erected were bridges.
With so many accomplishments by the Mongols, it hardly seems surprising that Geoffrey Chaucer, the first author in the English language, devoted the longest story in The Canterbury Tales to the Asian conqueror Genghis Khan of the Mongols. He wrote in undisguised awe of him and his accomplishments. Yet, in fact, we are surprised that the learned men of the Renaissance could make such comments about the Mongols, whom the rest of the world now view as the quintessential, bloodthirsty barbarians. The portrait of the Mongols left by Chaucer or Bacon bears little resemblance to the images we know from later books or films that portray Genghis Khan and his army as savage hordes lusting after gold, women, and blood.