By R. Dienstbier
The durability version proposed during this e-book accommodates mental learn and neuroscience to provide an explanation for how a number of toughening actions - starting from confronting psychological and actual demanding situations to meditation - maintain our brains and our bodies, and finally construct our psychological and mental capacities degenerated through rigidity and via getting older.
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Additional info for Building Resistance to Stress and Aging: The Toughness Model
2013). My long-winded and imaginative rendition of this moment in a tennis match notwithstanding, I have barely begun to identify all of the modular-based parallel tasks necessary for the success of Federer’s backhand shot. Each of the modules that I mentioned occupies some place in a hierarchy of modules, drawing input from legions of lesser modules and contributing to higher-order modular functions. Despite this necessarily abbreviated description, consider that all of Federer’s unconscious and conscious mental activity would have taken place in less than one second—the typical time between ball strikes in such a match.
3 The Basic Brain: Neurons and Neurochemistry As with Chapter 2, readers sophisticated in neuroscience my find it useful to skip or skim parts of this chapter. Our big brain has around 100 billion neurons. It is fair to ask whether we need all those neurons, and whether having more of them makes us smarter. The answers are not clear because we lose scads of them during development—especially adolescence—largely as a result of nonuse. Parents of teens may have opinions about that. The neurons that remain past the teen years have many inter-connections with other neurons.
Throughout our lives, the neurotropins activate a series of genes that then guide those positive neural changes, including modifications of synapses, dendrites, neurons, and vascular systems within the brain. A number of the specific genes that are involved have been identified and named (typically with weird names like “prospero”). Four of the principal and most beloved neurotropins are BDNF (brain-derived neurotropic factor), IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor-1), VEGF (vascular endothelial-derived growth factor), and NGF (nerve growth factor).