By Robert J. Thompson
The key demanding situations dealing with better schooling are frequently framed by way of getting ready scholars for life-long studying. Society's twenty first century wishes require civic-minded people who have the highbrow and private functions to constructively interact political, ethnic, and spiritual alterations, paintings successfully, and dwell including many various sorts of humans in a extra worldwide society. during this quantity, Robert J. Thompson goals to persuade the present dialog concerning the reasons and practices of upper schooling. Beyond cause and Tolerance adopts a developmental technological know-how foundation to notify the differences in undergraduate academic practices which are essential to empower scholars to behave globally and constructively have interaction distinction. It synthesizes present scholarship in regards to the nature and improvement of 3 middle capacities deemed crucial: a private epistemology that displays a worldly realizing of data, ideals, and methods of pondering; empathy and the capability to appreciate the psychological states of others; and an built-in id that comes with values, commitments, and a feeling of service provider for civic and social accountability.
Beyond cause and Tolerance argues that to foster the advance of those functions, faculties and universities needs to recommit to delivering a formative liberal schooling and undertake a developmental version of undergraduate schooling as a means of highbrow and private progress, concerning empathy in addition to reasoning, values in addition to wisdom, and id in addition to abilities. Thompson specializes in rising maturity as a particularly dynamic time of reorganization and improvement of the mind that either impacts, and is inspired via, the undergraduate adventure. Advances in our figuring out of human improvement and studying are synthesized with reference to the direct implications for undergraduate schooling practices.
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Additional resources for Beyond Reason and Tolerance: The Purpose and Practice of Higher Education
Cortical development and the processes of synaptogenesis, myelination, and dendritic arborization proceed regionally and hierarchically, with construction in some regions dependent on the prior development of others, from primary motor and sensory areas to higher association areas in the temporal, parietal, and frontal lobes. The prefrontal cortex is the latest structure to mature and undergoes the greatest postnatal development. The protracted postnatal period of development of the human brain creates the opportunity for experiences to influence both the structure and function of some cortical regions.
At the neurocortical level there are links between the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for executive functions, and the limbic system, which is responsible for emotional processes (Blair, 2002). 515). The proliferation of projections of white matter tracts across different brain regions, which continues well into late adolescence, results in an increase in the connections among cortical areas involved in the processing of emotional and social information and cognitive control, which is especially important for emotion regulation.
Engaging religious beliefs and insights has the potential to enrich the intellectual climate and conversation by addressing societal  Beyond Reason and Tolerance issues and questions that otherwise might be ignored. More specifically, in terms of the focus of this book, religion shapes identity and behavior throughout the world, and engaging religious perspectives and differences has the potential to foster intergroup understanding and relations. Engaging religious perspectives, however, also has the potential for creating discord rather than understanding.