Download Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental by Carlo Carraro, Gilbert E. Metcalf PDF

April 5, 2017 | Environmental Policy | By admin | 0 Comments

By Carlo Carraro, Gilbert E. Metcalf

Most folk could agree that it is smart to tax a firm that pollutes in a manner that without delay displays the quantity of environmental and social harm it has performed. but in perform, such taxes are fraught with hassle and feature far-reaching implications. a firm dealing with a brand new tax may possibly lay off employees, for instance, exacerbating an unemployment challenge. This quantity makes a speciality of such exterior concerns and examines intimately the trade-offs keen on designing guidelines to house environmental difficulties. Reflecting the extensive nature of the topic, the members contain major economists within the components of public finance, commercial association, and alternate idea, in addition to environmental economists. Integrating either theoretical and empirical equipment, they research environmental coverage layout because it pertains to place judgements, compliance expenditures, administrative bills, results on study and improvement, and foreign issue hobbies. laying off mild on an awfully complicated and significant subject, this assortment should be of curiosity to all these considering designing powerful environmental coverage.

Show description

Read or Download Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report) PDF

Best environmental policy books

State and Federal Standards for Mobile Source Emissions

Emissions from cellular resources give a contribution considerably to pollution within the usa. Such resources contain automobiles and light-weight- and heavy-duty vans; diesel-powered cranes, bulldozers, and tractors; and gear corresponding to lawnmowers that run on small gas engines. The position of nation as opposed to federal executive in constructing mobile-source emissions criteria is a crucial environmental administration factor.

Environmental Policy and Politics

Masking international threats similar to weather swap, inhabitants development, and lack of biodiversity, in addition to nationwide, nation, and native difficulties of environmental pollutants, strength use, and common source use and conservation, Environmental coverage and Politics offers a accomplished review of U. S. policy-making procedures, the legislative and administrative settings for coverage judgements, the function of curiosity teams and public opinion in environmental politics, and the general public rules that consequence.

The Conundrum: How Scientific Innovation, Increased Efficiency, and Good Intentions Can Make Our Energy and Climate Problems Worse

Hybrid autos, speedy trains, energy-efficient gentle bulbs, sun panels, carbon offsets. .. fail to remember every thing you ever idea you knew approximately residing eco-friendly. The Conundrum is a mind-changing manifesto concerning the setting, potency and the true route to sustainability. As Owen argues, we must always now not be expecting a few genius to invent our means out of the strength main issue we are in.

Understanding Energy and Energy Policy

Activists, scientists and policymakers world wide have lengthy argued that we have to locate sustainable and safe recommendations to the world's strength calls for. At factor for voters world wide is whether or not we're scientifically literate sufficient to appreciate the capability coverage offerings earlier than us. figuring out strength and effort coverage is a one-stop source for realizing the complexities of power coverage and the technological know-how in the back of the usage of strength resources.

Additional resources for Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report)

Example text

In contrast, observations of annual earnings levels (rather than implicit hourly wage rates) are relatively straightforward to obtain. Moreover, differences in earnings levels across households can be expected to feature a strong correlation with underlying differences in earning capacities. Consequently, policymakers typically rely on distortionary income taxes (and transfers) to finance public outlays and redistribute income across households. Second, environmental taxes often cannot be targeted directly on emissions, as evidenced by the comprehensive review of Fullerton, Hong, and Metcalf of actual environmental taxes employed by various governments around the world.

Lans, and Lawrence H. Goulder. 1996. Optimal environmental taxation in the presence of other taxes: General equilibrium analyses. American Economic Review 86:985–1000. Bovenberg, A. Lans, and Frederic van der Ploeg. 1994. Environmental policy, public finance, and the labor market in a second-best world. Journal of Public Economics 55:349–90. Cremer, Helmuth, and Firouz Gahvari. 1999. What to tax: Emissions or polluting goods? University of Illinois. Mimeo. Cropper, Maureen, and Wallace Oates. 1992.

The optimum might then involve some optimal degree of effort to measure and tax emissions. Second, our model considers a tax on the output of the polluting industry for comparison with the ideal emissions tax, but some of the actual environmental taxes apply to an input to production that is correlated with pollution. To analyze such a tax, our model would have to be modified such that the polluting industry uses three inputs to production: labor, emissions, and some other input that is correlated to emissions.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.92 of 5 – based on 34 votes