By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the a long time following international struggle , and partly in keeping with the chilly warfare, governments throughout Western Europe set out formidable programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the standard lives in their electorate. lots of those welfare nation programmes - housing, faculties, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only building yet a brand new method of architectural layout, within which the welfare goals of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The impression on architects and architectural layout was once profound and far-reaching, with welfare kingdom initiatives relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st ebook to discover the structure of the welfare nation in Western Europe from a global standpoint. With chapters protecting Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the booklet explores the complicated position performed via structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare country in either thought and perform.
- the function of the equipped atmosphere within the welfare kingdom as a political undertaking
- the colonial size of eu welfare kingdom structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the function of welfare country tasks in selling purchaser tradition and monetary growth
- the photo of the collective produced through welfare kingdom architecture
- the function of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the position of the architect, instead of building businesses and others, in opting for what used to be built
- the courting among architectural and social theory
- the position of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors comprise: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Additional resources for Architecture and the Welfare State
This was in part because the city was the full extent of Red Vienna itself, but it also had ideological roots. The Austro-Marxists understood the housing question in Vienna as a problem of planning that involved not only the provision of private dwelling space, but also public space in the city. Austro-Marxist theory held that the city was not only the proper ‘home’ of the proletariat, but was also the social environment in which working-class consciousness would develop. In addition to these political beneﬁts, the city offered positive cultural and social advantages to the proletariat.
52 In the end, armed force broke this resistance. See V. Mamadouh, De stad in eigen hand. Provo’s, kabouters en krakers als stedelijke sociale beweging, Amsterdam: SUA, 1992. 53 See Chapter 6. 54 V. Ligtelijn and F. ), Aldo van Eyck, Writings. Volume 2: Collected Articles and Other Writings 1947–1998, Amsterdam: SUN Publishers, 2008, pp. 32–42. 0 Karl Ehn, Karl Marx Hof, View of forecourt, 1927–30 (Georg Mittenecker, 2012). 1 The urban and sociospatial focus of that programme – and the role assigned to architecture and urban design in realizing it – remained a reference, challenge, and standard against which the postwar Austrian social welfare programme was measured and, especially in the decades following the Second World War, found wanting.
The new socialist Wohnkultur was conceived in terms of the city and urban life. This was in part because the city was the full extent of Red Vienna itself, but it also had ideological roots. The Austro-Marxists understood the housing question in Vienna as a problem of planning that involved not only the provision of private dwelling space, but also public space in the city. Austro-Marxist theory held that the city was not only the proper ‘home’ of the proletariat, but was also the social environment in which working-class consciousness would develop.