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By Russell H. Tuttle

In this masterwork, Russell H. Tuttle synthesizes an unlimited learn literature in primate evolution and behaviour to provide an explanation for how apes and people advanced with regards to each other, and why people turned a bipedal, tool-making, culture-inventing species special from different hominoids. alongside the best way, he refutes the influential conception that males are basically killer apes--sophisticated yet instinctively competitive and damaging beings.

Situating people in a extensive context, Tuttle musters convincing proof from morphology and up to date fossil discoveries to bare what early primates ate, the place they slept, how they discovered to stroll upright, how mind and hand anatomy developed concurrently, and what else occurred evolutionarily to reason people to diverge from their closest family. regardless of our genomic similarities with bonobos, chimpanzees, and gorillas, people are designated between primates in occupying a symbolic area of interest of values and ideology in line with symbolically mediated cognitive procedures. even supposing apes show behaviors that strongly recommend they could imagine, salient parts of human culture--speech, mating proscriptions, kinship constructions, and ethical codes--are symbolic platforms that aren't occur in ape niches.

This encyclopedic quantity is either a milestone in primatological examine and a critique of what's identified and but to be stumbled on approximately human and ape potential.

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Way Canguk (13) 22. 1. Gibbon and orangutan study sites 28 25 27 38 t e r m i n o l o g y, m o r p h o l o g y, g e n e s , a n d l o t s o f f o s s i l s There are four basic coat conditions among the Hylobatidae: monochromatism, polychromatism, asexual dichromatism, and sexual dichromatism (Plates 1 and 2). Siamang and Mentawai gibbons (Hylobates klossii) are monochromatically black: males and females have uniform coats of black hair. The coats of Hylobates muelleri are polychromatic, ranging from shades of brown to gray.

Tanjung Puting NP Hylobates pileatus 10. Khao Ang Rue Nai Pongo pygmaeus morio 32. Sabah 33. Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary 34. Ulu Segama 35. Sangkulirang Peninsula 36. Kutai NP (17) Hylobates agilis 11. Sungai Dal 12. Bukit Barisan Selatan NP (20) 13. Way Canguk (21) Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii 37. Sabangau Ecosystem 38. Tuanan Field Station 39. Mawas Reserve Hylobates agilis x H. muelleri 14. Barito Ulu (18) Pongo abelii Hylobates klossi 40. Suaq Balimbing, Gunung Leuser NP 41. Ketambe Research Station, Gunung Leuser NP (9)(22) 15.

Gunung Gede Pangrango NP 26. Pegunungan Pembarisan 27. Gunung Slamet 28. Pengunungan Dieng Nomascus concolor 3. Mt. Wuliang Nomascus hainanus 4. Hainan Island Hylobates lar Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus 5. Chiengmai 6. Khao Yai NP 7. Kuala Lompat (19) 8. Tanjong Triang 9. Ketambe Research Station, Gunung Leuser NP (22)(41) 29. Sarawak 30. Gunung Palung NP 31. Tanjung Puting NP Hylobates pileatus 10. Khao Ang Rue Nai Pongo pygmaeus morio 32. Sabah 33. Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary 34. Ulu Segama 35.

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