By Veronica Barassi
With fast alterations in internet applied sciences and the restructuring of the net political financial system, one of the priorities of our occasions is the research of ways during which humans negotiate, criticise and face up to internet advancements. This publication attracts on comparative ethnographic examine among 3 very diverse political teams within the united kingdom, Italy and Spain, exploring how activists think, comprehend and event net applied sciences as instruments of political critique.
Combining key social theories (Critical Marxism, Actor-Network thought, fabric tradition idea etc.), with ethnographic observations, the booklet strongly criticises political financial and techno-deterministic ways. It argues that during realizing how new applied sciences are affecting political participation and democratic tactics, we should always no longer specialize in disruption and novelty, yet we must always as an alternative discover the complicated dialectics among transformation and continuity; among the technical and the social; among the political financial system of the net and its lived critique.
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Extra resources for Activism on the Web: Everyday Struggles Against Digital Capitalism
In the words of Frantz Fanon, the radio 'created out of nothing, brought the nation to life and endowed every citizen with a new status, telling him so explicitly' (Fanon, 1970: 80, italics in the original). In Asia, in addition to direct broadcasts from the USA, VOA operated from Japan, Thailand (where the Voice of Free Asia was part of VOA) and Sri Lanka. Following the Chinese revolution in 1949, US priority was to stop the expansion of communism into other parts of Asia. In 1951, the CIA funded the Manila-based Radio Free Asia, notable for its anti-communist stridency.
By the First World War, the European market was dominated by the firm Pathe, founded in 1907 in France, whose distribution bureaux were located in seven European countries as well as in Turkey, the USA and Brazil. The development of independent studios between 1909 and 1913 led to the growth of the Hollywood film industry which was to dominate global film production (Mattelart, 1994). In the realm of popular music, the dog and trumpet logo of 'His Master's Voice' (HMV) label of the Gramophone Company, became a global image.
More importantly, given Britain's proximity to the war theatre, the BBC played a key role in the propaganda offensive and often it was more effective than American propaganda which, as British media historian Asa Briggs comments was 'both distant and yet too brash, too unsophisticated and yet too contrived to challenge the propaganda forces already at-work on the continent' (1970:412). Until the Second World War radio in the USA was known more for its commercial potential as a vehicle for advertisements rather than a govern- The historical context of international communication 29 ment propaganda tool, but after 1942, the year the Voice of America (VOA) was founded, the US Government made effective use of radio to promote its political interests - a process which reached its high point during the decades of Cold War.